Sights of Atyrau

Atyrau Airport

Atyrau airport is located in the city with the same name in Kazakhstan. It is the second-class airport, and International Air Transport Association assigned it the code GUW.

River Ural

The Ural is partially a Kazakhstan river that has a great significance to the country. Together with the Ural Mountains, the River is considered to be the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia. The river Ural starts in Southern Ural Mountains in Russia, runs all the way through Kazakhstan and ends feeding the Caspian Sea. It stretches to 2428 km (1511 mi) in length. Some major cities are situated alongside the river. Orenburg, which was the capital of Kyrgyz ASSR (present-day Kazakhstan) 1920 to 1925, now on the territory of the Russian Federation. The capital of the West Kazakhstan Province, the city of Uralsk is situated on the western side of the river Ural and is considered to be a European city. Atyrau, the main harbour city of Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea at the delta of the river Ural. Partly European and partly Asian city, with a bridge connecting the two continents. Just below Atyrau where the river reaches the Caspian Sea, it forms a digitate ("bird's foot") delta, as shown in this picture.

Inder Mountains

Inder mountains are the highland with the maximum height of 150 m. Mountains surround the lake Inder and are in the center of Caspian Plain. Inder mountains have unusual topography: they are of an irregular shape, deep holes even in winter can be covered with snow. Due to this fact, here you can find vegetation characteristic of hot steppes, and to the moderate climate regions. Contrasts of Inder mountains attract either tourists or scientists travelers.

Assumption

Cathedral

The Assumption Cathedral was built and opened in 1885 at the expense of the merchant F. Tudakov and his wife. After the revolution, the cathedral was closed by the Soviet government, but after the war, it was opened. In 2000, under the order of Akim of the region, Imangali N. Tasmagambetov, the cathedral was reconstructed completely. It was built from fired stone. The cathedral is 45 m long and 14 m wide, its highest point is 34 m high. Main dome height of the Assumption Cathedral makes up 40 m, and the thin domes – 10 m.

Chalk

Deposits

In chalk deposits of Akkeregeshin and Aktolagai, the mountain Inkara, one can encounter wild life, mysterious caves, and amazing nature monuments and find the adventures. If you come closer and roam around the cliff foot, you can see the extinct sea animals, in upper Cretaceous deposits – bembites, ammonites, sea hedgehog or the ancient shark’s black tooth, and the dinosaur’s spine. And from the cliff “Three Warriors” (Bogatyrs), you can see the panoramic view of chalk deposits.

Saraichik
Ancient Settlement

Saraichik is one of the most ancient monuments in Kazakhstan. Saraichik is the cradle of Kazakh Orda. It is the unique heritage of our independent Republic. Great legacy of Kazakh people. Saraichik is admiration of ancient roots and link with future. Saraichik is a tribute to the memory of wise man who wrote the chronicles of our state, gratitude for rebirth of those forgotten. Origin history of this settlement goes back to the ХІІІ century, thus it is connected with the period of invasion by Genghis Khan and Khan Bayi. According to the extant facts, source book about this settlement appeared in the first half of the ХІV century. They mention Saraichik as the town with developed trade, arts and crafts. First data about Saraichik was written by the Arab scientist, traveler Ibn Batuta. One of his trips to Asia in 1334 passed through Ulken Sarai. At this time, he visited Saraichik. That’s what he is writing: “After ten days of my trip on the animal transport from Saraichik, we reached the town Saraidzhuk. This nice blooming town was on the shore of the deep water river with strong current called Ulysu (translated as the Great Water). And the second after Bagdad floating bridge was built here. Saraidzhuk in Mongolian means a palace. At that time, the main palace was Altyn Orda, and Saraichik was the Small Palace. Thus, it received its name Saraichik (from Kazakh - small). During the reign of Kazakh khan Kassym, Saraichik became the first capital of Kazakh Orda. The town was destroyed in 1580 by Cossacks, as ordered by Ivan the Terrible.

Akmechet – Beket


Beket Ata was born in 1750. He was famous as a prophet, healer, he knew laws of physics, mathematics, astronomy. He was educated, studied in Bukhara by Pier. After return from studies, he built four mosques, one of which is located in Atyrau region. Underground mosque was built in early 19th century along the river Zhem (Emba). The room with a ceiling is made from firm chalk structures connected with the three-layer arc. Entrance to the mosque is narrow, oblong, there is the opening in the first room, through which sun beams penetrate into it. Walls are provided with niches, a mihrab is in the deep south-eastern part. Such poor caves were built in Beket – Ogylandy (the place of his burial) and in Old Beineu. The second underground mosque is Akmechet – Kulshan was built by the student Beket Kulshan. It consists of two separate rooms and the founder was buried in one of them.

Mosque Imangali

«Имангали»

Mosque Imangali is located in Satpayev street, the center of Atyrau. It is a huge building with the main hall and balconies for 600 people and a small hall for 100 women. Rooms are separated with the wooden grid – Pandzhara. The structure has a dome 7 m in diameter and 23 m high on top. There are two minarets on both sides of the mosque, they are 26 m high.

Foot Bridge

Bridge

The longest foot bridge in the world is located in Atyrau, it was included in the Guinness Book of Records. From this bridge, one can watch the magnificent view to the river, city and the Victory park, with the eternal Fire and Memorial to Victims of Political Repressions. Swing bridge over the river Ural has acquired the name “10 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan”. Its length is 551 m. Bridge construction is unique, there is no other bridge like that in the CIS. Engineers had developed such a structure that the bridge supports do not interfere with boat traffic during navigation, and do not obstacle sturgeons moving for spawning in spring.